Obesity & Energetic Offerings, May 10, 2013Saturday, May 11, 2013
For several months now, my colleagues at the University of Alabama have been compiling a weekly list of selected obesity related articles in a list they call Obesity and Energetic Offerings.
The list is compiled by David B. Allison, Michelle Bohan-Brown, Emily Dhurandhar, Kathryn Kaiser, and Andrew Brown.
The following is a selection of articles from this week’s list that caught my attention – – the link headings are theirs, not mine:
Findings Contrary to Hypotheses or Popular Ideas
- A more ‘healthful’ food environment associated with less obesity among the rich, but with higher obesity lower-income African Americans.
- No difference in energy expenditure among children between the school year and the summer months.
- After moderate intensity exercise, a meal with a high-fat/low-carbohydrate ratio had a less favorable metabolic impact than an isoenergetic, isoproteic low-fat/high-carbohydrate meal.
- Candy consumption among adults not associated with adiposity or select cardiovascular risk factors.
- RCT: No effect of magnesium supplementation on body composition and muscle strength in middle-aged overweight women.
- RCT: A high-fibre bean-rich diet was as effective as a low-carbohydrate diet for weight loss, although only the bean-rich diet lowered atherogenic lipids.
- RCT: No effect of low sucrose diet on weight or body composition.
- Neighborhood walkability associated with less physical activity and more obesity.
- Adolescents who went to McDonald’s and Subway bought about the same number of calories at each, despite Subway’s reputation as a healthier place.
- Overweight patients achieve ideal body weight following curative gastrectomy resulting in better long-term prognosis.
- Occipital C1-C2 neuromodulation decreases body mass and fat stores and modifies activity of the autonomic nervous system in morbidly obese patients – A pilot study
- Swallowable gastric balloons as an aid for weight loss: A pilot feasibility study.
- Duodenal–jejunal bypass improves glucose metabolism and adipokine expression independently of weight loss in a diabetic rat model.
- Gut hormone release and appetite regulation in healthy non-obese participants following oligofructose intake. A dose-escalation study.
- Really? most of the added sugar in our diets comes from sugary drinks.
- Scientific review of Robert Lustig’s fat chance.
- Reduced prevalence of obesity in children with primary fructose malabsorption: a multicentre, retrospective cohort study.
- Sucralose affects glycemic and hormonal responses to an oral glucose load.
- Consumption of added sugars among U.S. adults, 2005–2010.
- The affective and interpersonal consequences of obesity: Weight and the stereotype content model.
- The stigmatization of obesity among Gypsy and Hungarian children.
- Weight bias as a function of personality, attributions and contact experiences.
- RCT: A 20-month school-based intervention on BMI shows benefit in girls, but not in boys.
- Meta-analysis: Educational interventions are effective in treatment, but not prevention, of childhood obesity and its consequences.
- I know not to, but I can’t help it: Weight gain and changes in impulsivity-related personality traits.
- Different paths towards obesity: Exploring the relation between obesity and insecurity.
- More schooling appears to reduce the risk of obesity. evidence from U.K. twins.
- Consumer Understanding of Calorie Amounts and Serving Size: Implications for Nutritional Labelling.
- Is less always more? The effects of low-fat labeling and caloric information on food intake, calorie estimates, taste preference, and health attributions.
- An interesting NIH grant: INFLUENCE OF PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY RHETORIC ON PUBLIC HEALTH OUTCOMES IN JUDICI…
- NEJM Editorial asserts “There is robust scientific support for various alternative strategies for presenting calorie information to consumers….”
- Zinc-α2-glycoprotein as a marker of fat catabolism in humans.
- Environment feature extraction and classification for Context aware Physical Activity monitoring.
- How to investigate within-subject associations between physical activity and momentary affective states in everyday life.
- Self-report based adolescent obesity prevalence estimates are likely biased downward because of selective non-responding.
- A multilevel approach to estimating small area childhood obesity prevalence at the census block-group level.
- Measurement of subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness by near-infrared.
- Analyzing weight loss intervention studies with missing data: Which methods should be used?
- Use of scanning electron microscopy to monitor nanofibre/cell interaction in digestive epithelial cells.
- Modeling energy expenditure in children and adolescents using quantile regression.
- Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey.
- Composition of dietary fat source shapes gut microbiota architecture and alters host inflammatory mediators in mouse adipose tissue.
- Differences in gut microbiota composition between obese and lean children: a cross-sectional study.
- Genome-wide meta-analysis of observational studies shows common genetic variants associated with macronutrient intake.
- FTO predicts weight regain in the Look AHEAD clinical trial.
- Genome-wide association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms with weight loss outcomes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.
- Vegetables containing phytochemicals with potential anti-obesity properties: A review.
- Mouse strain-dependent variation in obesity and glucose homeostasis in response to high-fat feeding.
- RCT: Consumption of low-fat dairy foods for 6 months improves insulin resistance without adversely affecting lipids or bodyweight in healthy adults.
- Control of protein and energy intake – brain mechanisms.
- RCT: Preordering school lunch encourages better food choices by children.
- RCT: Oatmeal shows satiety advantages over cereal in study.
- High-fat, low-carbohydrate diet alters myocardial oxidative stress and impairs recovery of cardiac function after ischemia and reperfusion in obese rats.
- RCT: Effect of Lactobacillus gasseri SBT2055 in fermented milk on abdominal adiposity in adults.
- Paleolithic diet is associated with unfavorable changes to blood lipids in healthy subjects.
- The interactions of dietary tomato powder and soy germ on prostate carcinogenesis in the TRAMP model.
- Exercise and caloric restriction modulate resident immune cells in adipose tissues differently in spite of an equivalent body weight reduction.
- Physical activity and physical activity induced energy expenditure in humans: measurement, determinants, and effects.
- RCT: Moderate-intensity high-volume aerobic exercise produces greater improvements in sexual function, testosterone, and fat mass than smaller exercise volume.
- More rigorous workplace physical activity studies produce weaker results: a systematic review.
- RCT: Being active between mental work and a meal may create a negative energy balance following mental work.
- RCT: Only combined aerobic and resistance training reduced body fat in older men.
- RCT: In PE classes, a mastery approach, which allows children to drive their own physical activity, elicits more time spent in MVPA.
- Listening to music during exercise increase the metabolic efficiency by improvement of perceived exertion rate and increased anaerobic threshold.
- Educating the Student Body: Taking physical activity and physical education to school – Report Release Meeting May 32, 2013.
- The associations of perceived neighborhood disorder and physical activity with obesity among African American adolescents.
- Population-adjusted street connectivity, urbanicity and risk of obesity in the U.S.
- The geographic concentration of U.S adult obesity prevalence and associated social, economic, and environmental factors.
Evolution, Ecology, & Energetics
- The lifespan-reproduction trade-off under dietary restriction is sex-specific and context-dependent.
- Basal metabolic rate can evolve independently of morphological and behavioural traits.
- Costs of colour change in fish: food intake and behavioural decisions.
- The effect of hydration state and energy balance on innate immunity of a desert reptile.
- Efficacy and safety of lorcaserin in obese adults: A meta-analysis of 1-year randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and narrative review on short-term RCTs.
- Association of long-term treatment of hypogonadal men with testosterone with sustained weight loss.
- US patent for vaccine treatment of obesity is awarded.
- Clinical utility of phentermine/topiramate (Qsymia™) combination for the treatment of obesity.
- Parent-only vs. parent-child (family-focused) approaches for weight loss in obese and overweight children: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
- RCT: Stress management can facilitate weight loss in Greek overweight and obese women.
- RCT: Executive function training with game elements for obese children.
- In Trials, weight loss is associated with an increase in both bound and unbound testosterone levels.
- Packaged diet foods may spur more weight loss.
- The internal circadian clock increases hunger and appetite in the evening independent of food intake and other behaviors.
- Of mice, rats and men: Trabecular bone architecture in mammals scales to body mass with negative allometry.
- Getting to the height of the matter: the relationship between stature and adiposity in pre-pubertal children.
- Evidence for two types of brown adipose tissue in humans.
- Role of circadian clock gene expression in metabolic adaptation upon switching from high to low carb diets with replacement by fat.
- Evidence for transgenerational metabolic programming in Drosophila.
- Exposure to light at night increase weight and accelerates aging and carcinogenesis in female 129/Sv mice.
- Metabolic regulation of brain response to food cues.
- Developmental origins of a novel gut morphology in frogs.
For a complete list and to directly join this list, please click here.