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Obesity & Energetic Offerings



David Allison, PhD, Distinguished Professor, University of Alabama

David Allison, PhD, Distinguished Professor, University of Alabama

For several months now, my colleagues at the University of Alabama have been compiling a weekly list of selected obesity related articles in a list they call Obesity and Energetic Offerings.

The list is compiled by David B. Allison, Michelle Bohan-Brown, Emily Dhurandhar, Kathryn Kaiser, and Andrew Brown.

The following is my selection of articles from this week’s list that caught my attention:

Policy-Related

  • Tackling overweight and obesity: does the public health message match the science? Click Here
  • Public Health Ethics and Intervening in Non-Communicable Diseases like Obesity. Click Here
  • FDA Seizes Weight-Loss Supplements. Click Here

Findings Contrary to Hypotheses or Common Beliefs

  • The Importance of Food Deserts to Obesity Questioned. Click Here
  • Dietary glycemic index, glycemic load, and digestible carbohydrate intake are not associated with risk of type 2 diabetes in eight European countries. Click Here
  • Beverage consumption patterns did not substantially differ across weight status groups among over 2,000 children. Click Here
  • No differences were found for weight, BMI, or waist in children consuming pre-sweetened vs non-presweetened cereals. Click Here

Methods

  • Turning the analysis of obesity-mortality associations upside down: Modeling years of life lost through conditional distributions. Click Here
  • Using wearable cameras to categorise type and context of accelerometer-identified episodes of physical activity. Click Here
  • Measurement of human activity based on mobile phone’s accelerometers. Click Here

Antibiotics & Gut Microbiota

  • Gut Reaction: Can G.I. Bacteria Cause Weight Gain or Loss? Click Here
  • Antibiotics in early life alter the murine colonic microbiome and adiposity. Click Here
  • Can Antibiotics Make You Fat? Click Here

Basic Science

  • Obesity-susceptibility loci and the tails of the pediatric BMI distribution. Click Here
  • The effects of cocoa supplementation, caloric restriction, and regular exercise, on oxidative stress markers of brain and memory in the rat model. Click Here
  • Timed high-fat diet in the evening affects the hepatic circadian clock and PPAR?-mediated lipogenic gene expressions in mice. Click Here
  • Effect of chronic unpredictable stress on short term dietary restriction and its modulation by multivitamin-mineral supplementation in mice. Click Here
  • Circadian clock linked to obesity, diabetes and heart attacks. Click Here

CLINICAL, TRANSLATIONAL, BEHAVIORAL – Drugs

  • Cannabis and ?(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) for weight loss? Click Here
  • RCT: Naltrexone SR/Bupropion SR on weight and obesity-related risk factors(COR-II). Click Here

CLINICAL, TRANSLATIONAL, BEHAVIORAL – Exercise

  • Energy Expenditure, Physical Activity, Body Weight and Body Composition. Click Here
  • Obesity does not impair walking economy across a range of speeds and grades. Click Here
  • RCT: The 24-h Energy Intake of Obese Adolescents Is Spontaneously Reduced after Intensive Exercise in Calorimetric Chambers.Click Here
  • RCT: Incentive-Based Outdoor Physical Activity Program. Click Here

CLINICAL, TRANSLATIONAL, BEHAVIORAL – Food

  • When a Calorie Is Not a Calorie. Click Here
  • Bitter, Sweet Taste Preferences May Increase Risk for Metabolic Syndrome. Click Here
  • A Palaeolithic-type diet associated with tissue-specific changes in ectopic fat deposition in obese women. Click Here
  • RCT: 12-week behavioral weight loss intervention shows inclusion of commercially available portion-controlled foods helpful. Click Here
  • RCT: The relative carbohydrate and protein content of the diet, when combined with intensive CBT, does not significantly affect attrition rate, weight loss and psychosocial in obesity treatment. Click Here
  • RCT: Alternate day fasting and endurance exercise combine to reduce body weight and favorably alter plasma lipids in obese humans. Click Here

CLINICAL, TRANSLATIONAL, BEHAVIORAL – Psychology

  • Children who overreact to stress at higher risk of obesity. Click Here

CLINICAL, TRANSLATIONAL, BEHAVIORAL – Other

  • Birth Order Linked to Increased Risk of Diabetes, Metabolic Disorders. Click Here
  • Obesity and early mortality in the U.S. Click Here
  • RCT: Ten-week Whole-body Vibration Training Improves Body Composition and Muscle Strength in Obese Women. Click Here

Evolution & Energetics

  • Natural selection and adaptive evolution of leptin. Click Here
  • Introduction, Energy Balance in Animals. Click Here

Temperature

  • Wired Magazine on Cold and Weight Loss. Click Here

Stigma

  • Headless, Hungry, and Unhealthy: A Video Content Analysis of Obese Persons Portrayed in Online News. Click Here
  • Weight-Based Victimization: Bullying Experiences of Weight Loss Treatment-Seeking Youth. Click Here

For a complete list and to directly join this list, please click here.

AMS
Edmonton, AB

1 Comment

  1. Is this encouraging or discouraging – oh to keep up with all that.

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