Five Sobering Facts About Ghrelin And Emotional EatingTuesday, February 11, 2014
Now, a study by Kate Raspopow and colleagues from Carlton University, Ottawa, published in Appetite provides some important new insights.
The study was conducted in 103 undergraduate women who completed measures of emotional eating, were assigned to anticipate either a stressful (public speaking) or non-stressful event.
Here are the main findings:
1. Anticipation of the stressor increased cortisol and ghrelin secretion in all participants.
2. Emotional eaters displayed lower basal ghrelin levels compared to non-emotional eaters.
3. Emotional eaters did not display a postprandial decrease of ghrelin levels.
4. Emotional eaters ate more than non-emotional eaters irrespective of stressor condition.
5. Percent body fat mediated the relationship between emotional eating and basal ghrelin.
As the authors note,
“The similarity of the ghrelin profile of emotional eaters to that of binge eaters and obese individuals, raises the possibility that disturbed ghrelin response might be a risk factor for such conditions.”
As the best way to suppress ghrelin is by not letting yourself go hungry (weight loss regularly increases ghrelin levels), regular eating to avoid hunger may be a particularly important weight management strategy in emotional eaters.
Clinically, I can certainly attest to the impression that emotional eaters appear far more prone to loss-of-control when restricting their food intake than non-emotional eaters.
On the other hand this study also shows the importance of stress in this response. Clearly, better stress-coping skills may well lead to less emotional eating.
I wonder if a “relax and eat more” strategy may ultimately help emotional eaters eat less?
Kate Raspopow is a CON Obesity Research Bootcamp Graduate – for more on the Bootcamp – click here.
Raspopow K, Abizaid A, Matheson K, & Anisman H (2014). Anticipation of a psychosocial stressor differentially influences ghrelin, cortisol and food intake among emotional and non-emotional eaters. Appetite, 74, 35-43 PMID: 24295926