Monday, October 20, 2014

Obesity In Pet Dogs

household petsIf anyone is concerned about humans getting fatter – let us not forget our household pets.

Thus, according to a report published in the official journal of the British Veterinary Association, a survey of 1000 dogs attending as outpatients in a veterinary clinic found 28% (or 1 in 3) to be obese.

Notable, the prevalence of obesity in female dogs was higher than in males (32% vs. 28%) and higher in middle-aged than younger dogs (12% vs 21% in males and 21 vs 41% in females).

Dogs getting table scraps or other home-prepared food as the main part of their diet showed a higher incidence of obesity than those fed on canned dog meat.

Also, the incidence was higher (44%) among dogs owned by people with obesity than among dogs owned by people of normal physique (25%) and was higher (34 to 37%) among dogs of people in middle and elderly age groups than among dogs owned by people under 40 years of age (20%).

Of note, the owners of 31% of the dogs classified as obese considered their dogs to be of normal weight.

Now, for any reader, who wonders what is remarkable about any of these findings – here is the surprising little detail: this paper was published in 1971!

Indeed, it is the first paper in a series of coming posts on obesity research that was published almost 5 decades ago but could have well been published last week.

It is surprising how little has changed.

@DrSharma
Edmonton, Alberta

ResearchBlogging.orgMason E (1970). Obesity in pet dogs. The Veterinary record, 86 (21), 612-6 PMID: 5465678

 

.

VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast)
VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)

Sunday, October 19, 2014

Obesity Weekend Roundup, October 17, 2014

As not everyone may have a chance during the week to read every post, here’s a roundup of last week’s posts:

Have a great Sunday! (or what is left of it)

@DrSharma
Edmonton, AB

VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast)
VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)

Thursday, October 16, 2014

Abstract Deadline for Canadian Obesity Summit Fast Approaching

CON-abstractpg-batman-750x483-21743Here just a quick reminder that for those, wishing to present their research at the upcoming 4th Canadian Obesity Summit, the deadline for abstract submission is fast approaching: Thursday, October 23, 2014.

Summit Themes

The program of the 4th Canadian Obesity Summit is organized around the following themes:

  1. Environmental and Socio-Cultural Determinants
  2. Behavioural and Biological Determinants
  3. Prevention, Treatment, and Rehabilitation
  4. Health Economics and Policy

The Summit Planning Committee invites submissions of abstracts of proposed oral and poster presentations relating to the four themes around which the conference will be developed. All abstracts will be evaluated as to their content, quality and appropriateness to overall Summit themes.

Abstracts for Oral Presentations

Oral presentation abstracts can take one of two formats: 1. Reports. The first format is the traditional meeting abstract with a clear objective, brief description of methods, results and conclusions. 2. Overviews. The second format is designed for Principal Investigators or senior Trainees and is an overview of the subject of your research focus, presenting key findings in broad context. The abstract will be written for broad understanding.

Abstracts for Poster Presentations

We also encourage presentation of work in poster format, an exhibition which will enable discussion with presenters. Poster authors will be asked to stand by their poster during scheduled poster presentation times. These presentations will also be made according to the summit themes. Abstracts should take the form of traditional meeting abstracts with a clear aim, brief description of methods, results and conclusions.

General Information

Abstracts must be written in English. The length of the abstracts is the same for oral and poster presentations: a maximum of 250 words in the body of the abstract, plus title and author(s) names and affiliations. No references are permitted.

Originality of work, adequacy of data and clarity of exposition are the determinants in the selection of abstracts. Make abstracts as informative as possible, including a brief statement of the purpose of the study or why it was done, the methods or what was done, the results observed and conclusions based on the results. Actual data should be summarized. It is inadequate to state, “The results will be discussed” or “The data will be presented.”

You will need to set up a free personal account in which you can create, edit and submit abstracts. You may submit more than one abstract using the same account. Please fill in all of the required fields. Abstracts sent by e-mail, mail or fax will not be accepted. If you have questions about completing the abstract form, contact the Canadian Obesity Network (cosabstracts@mci-group.com).

Please review your abstract to ensure that your information is correct and there are no typos. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that all information is correct.

In order to be considered, the following criteria MUST be met:

  1. abstracts must contain plain text only (no symbols, mathematical formulas, formatted text, etc.)
  2. tables, figures and images are not allowed (please do not attempt to create tables with tabs or spaces)
  3. abstracts must not contain footnotes or references
  4. ensure that Institutional Affiliations are entered completely and correctly for ALL authors

Abstracts that do not meet the above criteria will not be considered.

You can choose to submit abstracts for oral or poster or both, but the Summit Planning Committee will make a final format recommendation based on the overall submissions in order to develop a comprehensive and compelling program.  THE DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSION IS THURSDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2014 at 5:00 PM PT / 8:00 PM ET.  No changes will be possible after the abstract submission deadline.

To submit your abstract(s) - click here

For more information on the Canadian Obesity Summit – click here

@DrSharma
Merida, Mexico

 

VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast)
VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)

Wednesday, October 15, 2014

Disease Severity and Staging of Obesity

sharma-edmonton-obesity-staging-systemRegular readers will be well aware of our work on the Edmonton Obesity Staging System (EOSS), that classifies individuals living with obesity based on how “sick” rather than how “big” they are.

For a rather comprehensive review article on the issue of determining the severity of obesity and potentially using this as a guide to treatment, readers may wish to refer to a paper by Whyte and colleagues from the University of Surrey, UK, published in Current Atherosclerosis Reports.

This paper not only nicely summarizes the potential effects of obesity on various organs and organ systems but also discusses the use of staging systems (EOSS and Kings) as a way to better characterize the impact of excess weight on an individual.

As the authors note in their summary,

Using a holistic tool in addition to BMI allows highly informed decision-making and on a societal level helps to identify those most likely to gain and where economic benefit would be maximised.”

Not surprisingly, the Edmonton Obesity Staging System, which has been validated against large data sets as a far better predictor of mortality than BMI, waist circumference or metabolic syndrome, is being increasingly adopted as a practical tool to guide clinical practice.

@DrSharma
Merida, Mexico

ResearchBlogging.orgWhyte MB, Velusamy S, & Aylwin SJ (2014). Disease severity and staging of obesity: a rational approach to patient selection. Current atherosclerosis reports, 16 (11) PMID: 25278281

VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast)
VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)

Tuesday, October 14, 2014

Electronic Versus Pen And Paper Monitoring Of Food Intake

diet journalSelf-monitoring is one of the few proven strategies for long-term weight management (which is why all programs worth their weight use it).

But does it really matter how you self-monitor and are electronic forms more accurate than simply using pen and paper?

This issue was examined by Melinda Hutchesson and colleagues from the University of South Wales, Australia, in a paper published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

The researchers examined the acceptability and accuracy of three different 7-day food record methods (online accessed via computer, online accessed via smartphone, and paper-based) in 18 young normal-weight women.

Actual energy expenditure was measured using indirect calorimetry and physical activity levels derived from accelerometers.

All three methods revealed roughly the same amount of daily caloric intake, falling short by about 500 kcal of the actual measured expenditure.

Nevertheless, around 90% of the participants preferred an electronic method to the paper based method.

Thus, the author argue that,

“Because online food records completed on either computer or smartphone were as accurate as paper-based records but more acceptable to young women, they should be considered when self-monitoring of intake is recommended to young women.”

As far as I am concerned, you can use whatever method you want as long as you use some form of self-monitoring. After all, it is the act of self-monitoring that counts – as with diets, this only works when you actually do it.

@DrSharma
Edmonton, AB

ResearchBlogging.orgHutchesson MJ, Rollo ME, Callister R, & Collins CE (2014). Self-Monitoring of Dietary Intake by Young Women: Online Food Records Completed on Computer or Smartphone Are as Accurate as Paper-Based Food Records but More Acceptable. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics PMID: 25262244

VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast)
VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)

Recommended Web Sites

Leading information on COPD. Receive new GOUT treatment information and find clinical trials at www.discoverclinicaltrials.com

Colleagues
Dr. Shafiq Qaadri - Official Site
Dr. Richard Tytus - Official Site
Dr. Stuart Weprin - Official Site

In The News

Diabetics in most need of bariatric surgery, university study finds

Oct. 18, 2013 – Ottawa Citizen: "Encouraging more men to consider bariatric surgery is also important, since it's the best treatment and can stop diabetic patients from needing insulin, said Dr. Arya Sharma, chair in obesity research and management at the University of Alberta." Read article

» More news articles...

Publications

  • Subscribe via Email

    Enter your email address:

    Delivered by FeedBurner




  • Arya Mitra Sharma
  • Disclaimer

    Postings on this blog represent the personal views of Dr. Arya M. Sharma. They are not representative of or endorsed by Alberta Health Services or the Weight Wise Program.
  • Archives

     

  • RSS Weighty Matters

  • Click for related posts

  • Disclaimer

    Medical information and privacy
    Any medical discussion on this page is intended to be of a general nature only. This page is not designed to give specific medical advice. If you have a medical problem you should consult your own physician for advice specific to your own situation.


  • Meta

  • Obesity Links

  • If you have benefitted from the information on this site, please take a minute to donate to its maintenance.

  • Home | News | KOL | Media | Publications | Trainees | About
    Copyright 2008–2014 Dr. Arya Sharma, All rights reserved.
    Blog Widget by LinkWithin