Grandma’s Job is To Make Grandkids EatTuesday, February 16, 2010
Back in 1997, I read a most interesting piece by Ann Gibbons, a correspondent for Science magazine, on why human females live so long after they stop reproducing. Based on studies of African hunter gatherers, it seems that the evolutionary purpose of why women live after menopause is to make sure their grandchildren eat.
Simply put, the reasoning goes that while younger (fertile) women are busy having or nursing their constant stream of young ones, the grandmothers, by stopping to have kids of their own, now have plenty of time to look after all their grandchildren to make sure they do okay. All of this makes evolutionary sense, as by looking after their grandkids, grandmas increase the survival and propagation of their own genes (yes, genes are “selfish”).
While most parents are well aware of the challenge of getting grandparent to stop feeding the kids, there is now actually a new study that shows just how having grandmas around can increase your kid’s risk for obesity.
The paper by Anna Pearce and colleagues from the UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK, published in the latest issue of the International Journal of Obesity, looks at the relationship between formal and informal childcare on the risk of overweight and obesity in early years.
Data on a UK cohort of 12,354 kids from the UK Millennium Cohort Study was examined with a particular emphasis on infant feeding as a potential mediator between childcare in infancy and overweight at age three.
After controlling for confounders, children who were cared for in “informal” childcare between the age of 9 months and 3 years were 15% more likely to be overweight than those cared for only by a parent. This risk increased to 35% if the kids were in in full-time informal childcare.
At this point it may be important to point out that 75% of this “informal” childcare was in fact delivered by grandparents and I am guessing that this mainly involved Grandmas rather than Grandpas.
Interestingly, this risk of informal childcare was limited to children from more advantaged groups, i.e. kids whose mothers were from a managerial or professional background (25% higher risk) or had a degree (43% higher risk).
In contrast, there was no association between “formal” childcare and overweight. (Guess the daycare centre doesn’t really care about propagating grandma’s genes).
Although the study does not directly show that grandmas feeding grandkids is the problem, the authors do speculate that indulgence of children and lack of physical exercise when kids are looked after by their grandparents may well be two possible explanations.
I have often said that grandparents can well be the ultimate “intimate saboteurs” when it comes to trying to control your kid’s weight. But I guess we can’t real blame Grandma for simply doing what’s in her nature.
I’d certainly love to hear from any grandmas out there or from those who think grandma’s endless supply of “treats” may be part of the problem. I am also intrigued by what readers may think about why this “grandma” effect was limited to kids with better educated moms.
Hat tip to Kavita for pointing out this article!
Tuesday, February 16, 2010
my guess is that less educated moms in turn might have less educated mothers (i.e. the child’s grandparent) and therefore may be working and unable to take care of their grandchild
Monday, March 8, 2010
My guess would actually be the opposite. Grandma’s level of education is a good indicator of mom’s level of education. Grandma is more likely to have had a professional career, from which she can retire and watch the grandchildren while mom goes back to work. Mom is also likely to be older, since she has pursued a degree and career, which makes Grandma older and potentially less physically active.
Tuesday, November 23, 2010
Yes, the inactivity point is also important. Not only do older people tend to be less active, they also tend to be from a generation where you drive EVERYWHERE. My parents drive the kids to the playground because my dad can’t walk the 2 blocks and my mom is afraid they’ll get kidnapped.
Tuesday, December 21, 2010
If it is true that: “by looking after their grandkids, grandmas increase the survival and propagation of their own genes (yes, genes are “selfish”)” then shouldn’t grandmas be encouraging their grandkids to eat healthy? Healthly eating is a better insurer of survival and propagation than is Mickey D’s. However, this presupposes that Grannie is educated enough to make the link between healthy eating and increased survival/propagation. I think it comes down to the fact that Grandmas can’t say ‘No’ to their grandkids. So when Johnny asks for a bag of chips, he gets it from Grandma. Basically, when Grannie is the primary caregiver, the kids get to do the menu planning.
Tuesday, December 21, 2010
I’d posit that mothers with more education are more likely to be of a class with higher disposable income than mothers who are not due to the necessity of having one to be employable in professional fields. The grandmothers – or the mothers of the mothers with degrees are also more likely to be of a class with higher disposable income (because, after all, university was an option for their daughters). Both of these factors would provide a substantially greater opportunity for excess in indulgent foods and food opportunities as well as a different relational – and more indulgent – attitude towards the act of informal childcare. A grandmother from a family of privilege will be more often participating in informal childcare as a choice and as a leisure opportunity. A grandmother from a family lower on the socio-economic scale is more likely to be participating in informal childcare out of necessity, which alters the focus – and level of indulgence – in the childcare scenario.