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Obesity & Energetic Offerings, March 15, 2013



David Allison, PhD, Distinguished Professor, University of Alabama

David Allison, PhD, Distinguished Professor, University of Alabama

For several months now, my colleagues at the University of Alabama have been compiling a weekly list of selected obesity related articles in a list they call Obesity and Energetic Offerings.

The list is compiled by David B. Allison, Michelle Bohan-Brown, Emily Dhurandhar, Kathryn Kaiser, and Andrew Brown.

The following is a selection of articles from this week’s list that caught my attention:

Findings Contrary to Hypotheses or Popular Ideas

  • Collegiate football players decrease lean body mass with mandatory breakfast consumption. Click Here
  • Snacking not associated with obesity. Click Here
  • RCT: The Effect of Portion Size on Food Intake is not mitigated by Brief Education and Mindfulness Exercises. Click Here
  • RCT: No significant effect of a dairy- and calcium-rich diet on weight loss and appetite during energy restriction in overweight and obese adults. Click Here
  • RCT: No Effect of fruit restriction on glycemic control or weight in patients with type 2 diabetes. Click Here
  • RCT: An intervention to increase moderate to vigorous physical activity did not improve maternal metabolic measures. Click Here
  • Updated Cochrane Review: School-based physical activity programs fail to show effects on BMI. Click Here

Basic Science

  • Serotonin and the regulation of mammalian energy balance. Click Here
  • Molecular and neural bases underlying roles of BDNF in the control of body weight. Click Here
  • Newborn Body Fat: Associations with Maternal Metabolic State and Placental Size. Click Here
  • Cyclosporin A attenuates weight gain and improves glucose tolerance in diet-induced obese mice. Click Here
  • Turning off the inflammatory, but not the metabolic, flames. Click Here
  • Neuropeptide Y Is Produced by Adipose Tissue Macrophages and Regulates Obesity-Induced Inflammation. Click Here
  • Ghrelin receptor deficiency does not affect diet-induced atherosclerosis in low-density lipoprotein receptor-null mice. Click Here
  • Women show greater overall olfactory performance, explicit wanting for high fat foods and lipid intake during the mid-luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Click Here
  • Early Metabolic Adaptation in C57BL/6 Mice Resistant to High Fat Diet Induced Weight Gain Involves an Activation of Mitochondrial Oxidative Pathways. Click Here
  • Differential DNA methylation patterns between high and low responders to a weight loss intervention in overweight or obese adolescents: the EVASYON study. Click Here
  • Novel insights into obesity and diabetes through genome-scale metabolic modeling. Click Here

Viral Obesity

  • Infectobesity? Role of Ad-36 virus. Click Here
  • Long-term changes in adiposity and glycemic control are associated with past adenovirus infection. Click Here

Caloric Restriction Related

  • How Intermittent Fasting Might Help You Live a Longer and Healthier Life. Click Here
  • Dietary restriction in C. elegans: Recent advances. Click Here
  • Metabolic programming effects initiated in the suckling period predisposing for adult-onset obesity cannot be reversed by calorie restriction. Click Here

Cancer Related

  • Calorie restriction and cancer prevention: a mechanistic perspective. Click Here
  • Mechanisms Linking Obesity and Cancer. Click Here

Chronobiology

  • Diurnal rhythm and effects of feeding, exercise and recombinant equine growth hormone on serum insulin concentrations in the horse. Click Here
  • The internal circadian clock increases hunger and appetite in the evening independent of food intake and other behaviors. Click Here

Drugs & Surgery

  • Better Mental Health in Active Bariatric Surgery Patients. Click Here
  • Worsening of Pre-existing valvulopathy with a new obesity drug Lorcaserin: Meta-analysis of RCTs. Click Here
  • FIRST-IN-MAN STUDY OF LEFT GASTRIC ARTERY EMBOLIZATION FOR WEIGHT LOSS. Click Here

Energetics & Evolution

  • Scaling body size fluctuations. Click Here
  • Identical Metabolic Rate and Thermal Conductance in Rock Sandpiper (Calidris ptilocnemis) Subspecies with Contrasting Nonbreeding Life Histories. Click Here

Exercise

  • Resistance to Exercise-Induced Weight Loss: Compensatory Behavioral Adaptations. Click Here
  • RCT: Among sedentary adults who had access to indoor exercise facilities, addressing environmental and cognitive barriers helped, but effects were not additiive. Click Here
  • Video: Michael Pratt on “The Global Pandemic of Physical Inactivity”. Click Here

Food, Eating, Nutrition

  • Walnuts Reduce Risk of Diabetes. Click Here
  • Does Regular Breakfast Cereal Consumption Help Children and Adolescents Stay Slimmer? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Click Here
  • Chocolate-cocoa and human health: a review. Click Here
  • Food and beverage companies ranked by nutrition. Click Here
  • RCT: Fish oil-supplementation increases appetite. Click Here
  • Sucrose, High-Fructose Corn Syrup, and Fructose, Their Metabolism and Potential Health Effects: What Do We Really Know?.Click Here

Methods

  • Diagnostic imaging in obesity. Click Here
  • Integrated Sensors and Software for Dietary Intake Assessment. Click Here
  • Contribution made by parabiosis to the understanding of energy balance regulation. Click Here
  • A dynamic model to predict fat and protein fluxes and dry matter intake associated with body reserve changes in cattle. Click Here
  • Causal diagrams and the cross-sectional study. Click Here

Dispelling Misinformation

  • Does This Ad Make Me Fat? Correlation vs causation discussed. Click Here
  • What do review papers conclude about food and dietary patterns? Click Here
  • The Hare and the Tortoise: Aesop’s Fable and Weight Loss. Click Here

Miscellaneous

  • The contribution of overweight, obesity, and lack of physical activity to exit from paid employment: a meta-analysis. Click Here
  • Peer Effects in Adolescent Bodyweight: Evidence from Rural China. Click Here
  • Birth cohort effects among US-born adults born in the 1980s: foreshadowing future trends in US obesity prevalence. Click Here
  • Induced Insufficient sleep followed by weight gain. Click Here
  • Bone Mineral Density, Hip Bone Geometry, and Calcaneus Trabecular Bone Texture in Obese and Normal-Weight Children. Click Here
  • Eating habits and body weight control methods of national hunt and flat race jockeys in the UK. Click Here

Policy Related

  • Soda Regulation Is Not the Solution. Click Here
  • Prof Tells Students to Lobby for Soda Bans to Get an “A”. Click Here
  • Martin Binks: Commentary on large SSB ban. Click Here
  • New York City large-soda ban blocked by judge. Click Here
  • MISSISSIPPI LEGISLATURE introduces bill to limit local subdivisions within states from enacting laws aimed at limiting food consumption. Click Here
  • Cass Sunstein: Super-Sized Americans Need the Choice of Fewer Fries. Click Here

Psychology & Stigma

For a complete list and to directly join this list, please click here.

AMS
Regina, SK

2 Comments

  1. The one about serotonin is very interesting. There is some research that shows serotonin to increase endotoxin.

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  2. collegiate athletes decrease lean mass with mandatory breakfast consumption but regular breakfast cereal consumption helps children and adolescents stay slimmer : !

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