Obesity and Energetic Offerings, June 14, 2013Saturday, June 15, 2013
For several months now, my colleagues at the University of Alabama have been compiling a weekly list of selected obesity related articles in a list they call Obesity and Energetic Offerings.
The list is compiled by David B. Allison, Michelle Bohan-Brown, Emily Dhurandhar, Kathryn Kaiser, and Andrew Brown.
The following is a selection of articles from this week’s list that caught my attention – – the link headings are theirs, not mine:
- Meta-analysis: Will reducing sugar-sweetened beverage consumption reduce obesity? Evidence supporting conjecture is strong, but evidence when testing effect is weak.
- A great scholar and a kind man, Robert Fogel passes on.
- A Tribute to Frederick L. Brancati – Friend, Scientist, Mentor.
Findings Contrary to Hypotheses or Popular Ideas
- Results suggest colonic Archaea is not associated with obesity in healthy humans.
- RCT: Telmisartan did not decrease IMCL or liver fat content or other metabolic parameters among individuals with abdominal obesity.
- No Financial Disincentive for Choosing More Healthful Entrées on Children’s Menus in Full-Service Restaurants.
- RCT: No effect of a school environment intervention on adolescent adiposity and physical fitness.
- Systematic review of RCTs of school-based interventions for physical activity in children and adolescents finds inconclusive effects on BMI, body fat and waist.
- RCT: No effect of Tuberil® in treatment of childhood obesity.
- Unintended consequences of Eliminating Flavored Milk in Elementary Schools.
- RCT: Although feasible, not harmful, and highly rated by families and practitioners, the HopSCOTCH program of primary and tertiary care management did not cause better BMI or other outcomes.
- In a naturally randomized experiment, no apparent peer effect on freshman weight.
- Programs designed to prevent childhood obesity in the home don’t affect kids’ weight a year or more down the line, according to a review of the evidence.
Sugar & Sugar Sweetened Beverages
- Effects of fructose and glucose overfeeding on hepatic insulin sensitivity and intrahepatic lipids in healthy humans.
- Sugar Sweetened Drinks and Diabetes: What’s the Risk?.
- The obesogenic effect of high fructose exposure during early development.
- Consumption of sucrose and high-fructose corn syrup does not increase liver fat or ectopic fat deposition in muscles.
- Effect of glycemic index and glycemic load on energy intake in children.
- RCT: An additional 9 g of protein in a high protein Greek yogurt was insufficient to elicit protein-related improvements in markers of energy intake regulation.
- RCT: consuming dietary protein at levels exceeding the RDA may protect fat-free mass during short-term weight loss.
- In mice, whey protein isolate counteracts the effects of a high-fat diet on energy intake and hypothalamic and adipose tissue expression of energy balance-related genes.
- Dietary Protein Source Influence on Body Size and Composition in Growing Zebrafish.
- Oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme activities in the trophocytes and fat cells of queen honeybees (Apis mellifera).
- Rapamycin given late in life reverses age-related heart disease in mice.
- Aging and long-term caloric restriction regulate neuropeptide Y receptor subtype densities in the rat brain.
- Effects of providing personalized feedback of child’s obesity risk on mothers’ food choices using a virtual reality buffet.
- Neighborhood built and social environment characteristics: a multilevel analysis of associations with obesity among children and their parents.
- Systematic review on parental involvement in long-term European childhood weight control interventions with a nutritional focus.
- RCT: Combining behavioral weight loss treatment and a commercial program.
- Factors that determine energy compensation: a systematic review of preload studies.
- Timing of the introduction of complementary feeding and risk of childhood obesity: a systematic review.
- Whole-body cryostimulation as an effective method of reducing low-grade inflammation in obese men.
- RCT: Impact of participant and interventionist race concordance on weight loss outcomes.
- Bariatric surgery for weight loss and glycemic control in nonmorbidly obese adults with diabetes: a systematic review.
- Economic Analyses of the Be Fit Be Well Program: A Weight Loss Program for Community Health Centers.
- Challenges and opportunities for faecal microbiota transplantation therapy.
- Genetic predisposition to an adverse lipid profile limits the improvement in total cholesterol in response to weight loss.
- Phentermine and topiramate extended-release: a new treatment for obesity and its role in a complications-centric approach to obesity medical management.
- RCT: Orlistat improves endothelial function in obese adolescents.
- Effects of risperidone on energy balance in female C57BL/6J mice.
- No evidence of phentermine abuse or psychological dependence (addiction) in patients treated with phentermine for obesity.
Evolution, Ecology, and Energetics
- Limits to sustained energy intake XIX: A test of the heat dissipation limitation hypothesis in Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus).
- The Effects of Colony Size and Social Density on Individual and Group Level Behavior and Energetics in Ants.
- Long-day photoperiod interacts with vasopressin and food restriction to modulate reproductive status, and vasopressin receptor expression of male Golden spiny mice.
- Comparative energetics of the 5 Fish classes on the basis of Dynamic Energy Budgets.
- Effect of temperature on energetic balance and fatty acid composition of early juveniles of Octopus maya.
- Association between weight gain during pregnancy and postpartum weight retention and obesity: a bias-adjusted meta-analysis.
- No evidence that there are time trends in the accuracy of self-report by BMI categories, sex, age, or racial/ethnic groups.
- BMI underestimation is increasing across time.
- Absolute wealth and world region strongly predict overweight among women (ages 18–49) in 360 populations across 36 developing countries.
- The contributions of risk factor trends to cardiometabolic mortality decline in 26 industrialized countries.
- Secular changes in BMI and the associations between risk factors and BMI in children born 29 years apart.
- Effect of Resistance Training on the Strength, Body Composition and Psychosocial Status of Overweight and Obese Children and Adolescents? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
- Non-randomized trial of Treadmill desks.
- Ready, set, go for physical activity.
- Leptin predicts a decline in moderate to vigorous physical activity in minority female children at risk for obesity.
- Effectiveness of subsidies in promoting healthy food purchases and consumption: A review of field experiments.
- Supreme Court Rules Human Genes May Not Be Patented.
- Smart School Cafeterias: Nudging Kids for Better Choices.
- NYU Investigates Professor Who Tweeted on Obese Ph.D. Students for Human Subjects Violation.
- Perceived weight, not obesity, increases risk for major depression among adolescents.
- Lay Theories of Obesity Predict Actual Body Mass.
- Sex and dieting modify the association between emotional eating and weight status.
- Weight discrimination and bullying.
- Maternal high-fat diet programs rat offspring hypertension and activates the adipose renin-angiotensin system.
- Myocardial energetics in heart failure.
- White to brite adipocyte transition and back again.
- Operator Independent Focused High Frequency ISM Band for Fat Reduction: Porcine Model.
- Regulation of adipose branched-chain amino acid catabolism enzyme expression and cross-adipose amino acid flux in human obesity.
- Balancing the fat: lipid droplets and human disease.
- Effects of caloric restriction on oxidative stress parameters.
- Major urinary protein 5, a scent communication protein, is regulated by dietary restriction and subsequent re-feeding in mice.
- As addictive as cocaine: Study suggests common bread, junk food ingredient obesity driver.
- Obesity problems may skip a generation, Edinburgh University study finds.
- BPA Responsible for Obesity in Girls, Study Reports.
- Bias in randomised factorial trials.
- The Genius of Getting It Wrong.
- Lies, Damned Lies, and Medical Science.
- Obesity Surgery: Basic Calculating Errors in Systematic Reviews.
- Letters to NEJM ‘Myths paper’ and Response.
For a complete list and to directly join this list, please click here.