The Bariatric Food PyramidMonday, August 2, 2010
While most guidelines focus on the immediate needs of patients undergoing bariatric surgery, long term nutrition continues to be an important issue, even in weight-stable patients.
As people with bariatric surgery tend to eat far fewer calories than before and (depending on the type of surgery) may be more prone to certain deficiencies, a “balanced” diet for them will look very different from that recommended for the general population.
This issue is now addressed in a paper by Violeta Moize from the University of Barcelona, Spain, just published in┬áOBESITY SURGERY.
Based on the current knowledge of dietary strategies and behaviors associated with beneficial long-term nutritional outcomes in post-bariatric surgery patients, the researchers have developed a ÔÇ£bariatric food pyramidÔÇØ, that can be used as a teaching tool and reminder to patients.
Given the nature of the operation and the physiological demands of this very special patient population, it is not surprising that there is a strong focus on high-quality protein, balanced with nutrient-dense complex carbohydrates and healthy sources of essential fatty acids.
Hopefully this tool will help both therapists and patients better understand nutrition recommendations for a healthy long-term post-op diet.
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Moiz├® VL, Pi-Sunyer X, Mochari H, & Vidal J (2010). Nutritional Pyramid for Post-gastric Bypass Patients. Obesity surgery, 20 (8), 1133-41 PMID: 20401543